Generally, we decide to adopt or own a pet by watching them with our friends, relatives, neighbors etc., but do you know all the things you need to keep in your mind to own or adopt a pet. Here we provide you details which helps you to choose right pet.

Before choosing to own a pet, It is better to ask following questions to yourself?

Which type of animal is best suited to your home? Will you be able to live with litter, pet hair or occasional wear and tear caused by your pets?
If you have children, how will it affect them? Will everyone in your house welcome an animal?
If you rent, do you have permission from the owner?
Do you have enough space for your pet to play?If you get a cat, do you want an outdoor enclosure (a cattery) so that your cat can spend time safely outside?
Do you have enough time to spend with a pet?
Are you Physically active?
Do you have financial resources if your pet has a medical crisis and has high veterinary bills?
Do you have someone who can be a secondary caregiver if you are away from home? If no, how will you take care of your pet when traveling?
In the below sections of the article, we explain about different types of pets like Fish, Bird, Reptiles, Rodents, Dogs, and Cats.

1.1 Fish

Think about getting an aquarium. Choose an aquatic animal if you love a quiet pet that does not require constant physical interaction. Be careful, not all fish are easy to maintain. Some types of fish will live happily in a low-maintenance aquarium or pond, while others, such as goldfish, may become ill if the pH balance is cut. Goldfish are also more susceptible to diseases like white spots, so be sure to research the species you want before purchasing aquarium. Fish are often thought to have a relaxing effect: just watch them swim to reduce anxiety and stress.
Make sure you have space for a Fish aquarium. Most aquatic animals need a tank with the minimum capacity of five gallons and it should have an extensive filtration system. Consider if you can commit to regular aquarium cleaning sessions. To clean an aquarium, you must clean the pumps and filters, wash the entire tank structure and prepare good quality water for your aquatic animal.
Most fish need a lot of space to swim. The bigger the fish (and the more fish), the bigger the tank you will need. Look for the tank size requirements for the aquatic creatures you plan to obtain.

Look for different types of aquatic animals. Choose between freshwater or saltwater fish; low activity animals such as starfish; shell creatures such as crabs and sea snails; or even less common animals such as shrimp and eels. Do study more about various aquatic animals, their needs and the possibility of keeping them.
Consider recreating a specific aquatic ecosystem. Read about what fish put in a tank. You do not want your creatures to fight, eat or fight over resources!

1.2 Bird

Search for common pet birds. Consider an avian pet if you want a smart and faithful partner in crime. Birds are almost first domestic animal for humans. Large birds can live for decades while small birds can live up to two years. They are also very smart and easy to maintain. They do not require much attention from you, but they will need environmental stimulation through toys or interaction with you. Birds can also be very stimulating and even empathic.
Make sure you have enough space in a cage. The bigger the bird, the bigger the cage. Some birds, particularly, but not exclusively, birds of prey and mash, need many opportunities to fly and stretch their wings. Always keep in mind that the ethical implications of keeping a bird in a cage, and decide if you could ever let it fly freely.
Be aware of the time commitment. Some birds can live for many decades, and you should not adopt a long-lived bird unless you are ready to take care of it. Some birds, especially large parrots, have a long life. African gray parrots, for example, live on average 50 years. Budgies, on the other hand, live only 5 to 15 years. Do not choose a bird for which you are not ready to commit to life.
On a more regular scale, you’ll have to do regular cage cleaning and bird grooming. Cages must be cleaned weekly and birds must be fogged every few days. Most of them need several hours a day of interaction with a human.
A solitary bird can get bored easily. It can develop bad over-grooming and overeating habits that can be fatal if left untreated. Appropriate avian toys and companions can help alleviate this problem, but they still require interaction with the family.
Be prepared to be alert. You will need a keen sense of observation for your bird to receive prompt medical attention in the event of illness. Many avian domestic animals are prey. As such, they evolved to show no signs of illness until the problem became lethal.

1.3 Reptiles

If you want to get reptile pets. Understand that having a reptile as a pet is very different from keeping a mammal or any other pet. You will need extensive knowledge about your pet: from adaptation, behavior, and environment to nutrition, camouflage and coping strategies. You will also need to look for laws regarding the particular species in your state.
Understand the risk. Are you ready to take care of a pet that could be dangerous for you? Reptiles like some Pet snakes and Pet lizards can become dangerous if not handled properly. Some of these creatures – especially venomous reptiles or large predatory reptiles – can be risky to you, also to your family if they relax.
Prepare to meet the needs of a reptilian pet. Reptiles are wild boars, mainly carnivorous creatures, and you will have to meet various environmental requirements. Make sure you know what it means to take care of a reptile!
Make sure you are able to meet the dietary needs of the reptile. Most of them are omnivores or carnivores and will have to eat other animals such as mice, crickets, rabbits, and birds. You can usually find these foods already killed and prepared in a local pet store, but some reptiles may need live food.
Understand the thermal needs of your reptilian pet. The reptiles are strapped and will need a warm, enclosed and appropriately sized environment. This can become an expensive undertaking and is known to surprise new reptilian owners. Since reptiles can be bought quite cheaply, people do not want to spend money to meet their very specific needs.
Consider if you are ready to take care of a reptile for many years. Some reptiles can live up to 40 years, even up to 100 years. Snakes and some lizards can grow to very large sizes (over ten feet long), So we need more space for them to grow, while others remain very small (less than a foot), so again it’s important to decide what type you want before to install a fence.

1.4 Rodents

Take care of a rodent pets. This can be a great option if you want a small, active and also inexpensive pet. Common rodents include chinchillas, guinea pigs, mice, rats, gerbils, and hamsters. Beware that some of the rodents, for example, rats, cannot be left alone will need a same-sex or sterilized companion. Other rodents, like some hamsters, live better alone. Look for different rodents to see if the one you want will need a friend. Some rodents (such as mice and rats) may even be trained to follow commands and perform tricks.
Check if you have space in a cage. Many rodents need fairly large cages, for example, rats need a minimum of 2 square feet per rat. Cages are generally expensive, so try to build your own to save money.
Understand the time commitment. You will need to focus on the daily and weekly maintenance of your rodent cage. Cages should be deep cleaned regularly and litter boxes emptied daily. You will also need to set aside time to interact with your rodent. Rodents need daily attention to be socialized with your family.
Are you ready to take care of a rodent that can live up to three years? For some, three years can be long. For the others, three years is much too short. The pain of losing a pet is inherent in the joy of owning a pet.
Learn how to handle rodents. Some rodents like mice, hamsters, and rats are very fragile and must be handled with care. It means learning to hold and pick up your pet while avoiding injury.

1.5 Cat and Dog

Consider getting a dog or a cat. These great pets, mammals, socials can be a very rewarding choice if you are able to give them a lot of attention. Cats and dogs are the most popular animals. They are also usually very social and high energy, and they have more attention than almost any other pet. Understand what it means to own a dog or a cat.
Gauge your access to the outside. Dogs must be outdoors, and a closed yard can greatly improve the quality of life of your dog. Large dogs, in particular, need regular physical activity to stay healthy. Cats can also go outside, and a safe neighborhood or enclosed yard can meet their needs. Count this availability in the type of dog or cat you adopt
Make sure you can provide a stable and stimulating home. Some dogs breeds develop behavioral problems if they are left alone for long periods of time. The main reason for aggression in cats is caused by boredom or lack of stimulation of the environment.
Who will take care of your pet when you leave for a moment? Check the availability of pet keepers and kennels near to your house, if no one of your friends or family are not willing to take care of your pet when you are away. If you are often out of the house, a dog or cat may not be the right pet for you.
Do you move a lot? Dogs and cats can become stressed if they are moved from home to home. This can cause long-term behavior problems.
Understand commitment Ask you if you are ready to take care of a dog or cat for more than 10 years. Dogs and cats can live up to 15 years on average, depending on the breed. Some dogs and cats have been registered to live up to 25 years. On a smaller scale, dogs and cats require regular and intensive interaction with humans or other dogs and cats.
Most dogs must be walked every day and must go out to relieve themselves. Cats also need a lot of exercises and social interaction.
Do you get an adult pet or a young puppy or kitten? If it is the last one, make sure the baby is old enough to be separated from the mother. Young animals need a lot of care and affection. Keep in mind, that they need more care and a lot of care. It means an important time commitment on your part.
Look at your budget. You will have to pay for food, pet toys, and health products. You may have to pay extra fees for grooming, medical care, and obedience training.
Can you pay for obedience training? Having an unruly animal can wreak havoc on your life. Even if you decide not to follow a formal obedience program, you should be ready to read and apply the discipline required for basic training.
Can you afford annual veterinary bills and unexpected veterinary bills for accidents or illnesses? Surgery and emergency medical procedures can cost thousands of dollars.

1.6 How to choose a pet.

1.6.1 Step-1: Look for common pets

Each pet is unique but some species and breeds will have distinct characteristics that can help you determine what type of pet suits you. You can search online; visit your local library or bookstore; or talk to the staff of an animal shelter or pet. Discover the common traits, characteristics and needs of pets and their different breeds. If you already like some types of pets (eg, cat, rabbit and iguana), ask about those animals first.
Some cat breeds (like the Siamese) are very affectionate. They can not be left alone for long periods. Left alone, they may become depressed or develop separation anxiety. If you work long hours or cannot be at home all the time, you may want to reconsider the possession of a Siamese cat and look for another cat breed.
The climate can affect what kind of breed or species of pet you wish to possess. Most birds of domestic animals, for example, do best in temperatures around 70 ° F (20 ° C). If you live in a colder environment, it is important to keep your pet indoors or in another warm space. Many pets suffer from cold exposure.
Each breed of a species has its own grooming needs. A long-haired cat will need to be healed every day, while some short-haired cats only need a grooming once a week.

1.6.2 Step-2: Choose between a young pet or a mature pet:

The needs of an animal change at every stage of their lives. Many new pet owners want to buy or adopt young pets, such as puppies and kittens, but do understand that babies can be difficult to grow, time-consuming and can become expensive as well. Some new pet owners may also become disappointed when their pet grow up into adult animals. In the United States of America, more than 7.6 million animals enter the animal shelters each year. Many of them are misplaced and many of them are ceded by pet owners for various reasons. One unfortunate reason why pet owners make their pets is that they realize that they no longer want to take care of their mature pet because it is no longer cute. So when you are considering adopting or buying a pet, it is important to ask yourself if a young animal or mature animal is better for you.
Young pets: Young pets need great attention for training and care. For cats and dogs, they will need to be trained at home. For small animals such as rodents and birds, constant attention and feeding should take place as you assume the role of surrogate mother. Some young pets may damage your home because they often play, bite, chew the store furniture, or stain your furniture. Some young pets also need to be repaired and vaccinated. If you have young children at home, you will need to make sure your pets and children play safely, as children and babies are very sensitive. In addition, the temperament or personality of a young animal may change as it ages.
Mature Animals: Adult domestic animals can be difficult to hold, especially if they have been abused or abused. It may be longer for an adult pet to warm up or settle in its new environment. However, the personality of an adult domestic animal remains the same. So what you see and observe first about the pet is probably what you will encounter when you bring the pet home. Additionally, an adult domestic animal may require little or no training. Adult cats and dogs can play and interact with young children safely. In shelters, adult pets often never get a second chance, so adopting a mature pet means you are saving a life.

1.6.3 Step-3: Consider where you will find the right pet for you:

There are many options and ways to get a pet. Some people receive pets from neighbors, friends and family. Some adapt and some select breed and buy. Some pets enter the lives of people, come to the door or find themselves lost. Many people find their pets through:
Shelters for animals: Millions of domestic animals are left each year because they have never been adopted or the shelter can no longer bear the number of animals to come each year. Adopting a shelter means potentially saving an animal life. The cost of adopting a pet from a shelter is quite reasonable and all domestic animals are vaccinated and repaired before being allowed to be adopted. The hosting staff knows very well the animals and can help you choose the right pet for you.
Breeders: It is extremely important that you choose a pet from a responsible and reputable breeder who knows the breed of pets they are selling. Breeders must always provide plenty of food, space, and water for their animals. They should also socialize their animals before they can be bought and should never allow an animal to be brought before they are properly socialized. Domesticated breeders can be costly, but they are a good resource if you are looking for purebred animals.
Pet shops: Some pet stores act as adoption agencies that work with local shelters to help adopt pets. They can also look after and sell their own pets, which allows you to see the living conditions of their pets.

1.7 Deciding Whether You’re Ready for a Pet

Be ready to change your lifestyle. If you choose to own a pet, remember that you are taking a big responsibility, and you need to change some of the important aspects of your daily routine. You have to make a daily schedule and adapt to it, and you need to allocate some money to your pet.
A busy schedule can make it difficult to keep a pet that needs a lot of attention. Some dogs, horses, rats, and cats must be trained by walking them or with time to play with them.
Pets often need feeding according to their timetable. You should be able to feed your pet as per schedule or find other ways to make sure your pet has eaten enough food every day. This is particularly the case if your lifestyle includes being away from home for long periods of time.
It can be stressful to own some pets if you travel a lot or work long hours outside the home. Socializing Large active animals like cats and dogs will always help you. Being alone at home all day can be detrimental to the emotional and physical well-being of your pet. You may need to hire an animal sitter, bring your pet to a “pet nursery“, or choose a pet that can stay home alone for long hours.
Make sure everyone in your home is ready for a pet. Even though the pet may be yours, it is necessary that everyone in your home agrees to have a pet. A pet, especially if it is young or has special needs, can be stressful and difficult to manage for everyone at home. If you have a large family with many children or are in a life situation with many people, it is important to make sure that everyone in the house is ready to have a pet.
Find out if you or someone is allergic to a specific animal. Though controlling moderate allergies is possible, but severe allergies can pose health risks.
Having pets when there are young children or pregnant women at home can be difficult. A pet can experience high levels of stress with small children or add a new pet can put a strain on the life of a family who is waiting.
Make sure your home is pet-friendly. If you rent or live in an apartment it is very likely that your building will have rules about the type of pet you can have. Many buildings allow small pets but not larger ones. Some may not allow some animals of any size and others will allow pets if a security deposit is paid in advance. Check with your building management or landlord for rules on the specific species, breed, and size of the pet that you are allowed to have.
Get permission in writing and have your lease or contract updated. Word of mouth or voice permission is often unreliable. Written evidence can be helpful if you encounter problems later.
Check your municipal, county or provincial laws if you plan to own an exotic pet or import an animal. If you are importing an animal from outside the country, check with the airlines and customs or port authority for the necessary paperwork and quarantine procedures for animals from the country of origin. These regulations can change between borders without notice at any time, according to health regulations.
Some pets need large open spaces to live. Most pets can live in small houses as long as they have the opportunity to go out or have a lot of inner stimulation through play or interaction with others.
To save money. Keeping a pet may be more expensive than you think. Make sure you are in a financially stable situation. You must be able to take care of the needs of a pet: its health care, toys, supplies, and food. You may need to register for:
Veterinary appointments. Your pet has to be taken to a veterinarian for regular check-ups. If you are thinking of own an exotic animal, specialized veterinarians may be needed, who are used to taking care of them.
Vaccinations and other preventive medications. Some animals must be vaccinated to prevent the spread of common diseases in domestic animals. You can also choose to protect your pet by giving him monthly preventative medications that protect him from fleas, heartworm and other parasites.
Neutralization Unless you are a breeder, most pets that are mammals such as horses, rats, dogs, and cats, will have to undergo an operation to be sterilized or sterilized. Having secured your pet helps keep your pet healthy by preventing unwanted pregnancies and other health problems. Unsecured pets face behavioral problems that can cause stress for both you and your pet.
Accidents and Illnesses When your pet is sick or falls into an accident, the treatment can be extended both financially, physically and mentally. You will need to prepare expensive veterinary bills in case of emergency.
Pet insurance. Some pet owners purchase pet insurance to help pay for unexpected pet accidents or any illnesses.
Provisions. grooming products, toys, and Food will need to be regularly purchased by you.
Training Some animals will have to attend obedience or training classes. Some pets can not be left unattended and will need to be placed in daycares or other facilities that look after them while you are away.

This is a brief guide to “How to choose a pet