Labrador retriever is a well known friendly dog breed. If you wish to own or adopt a Labrador you must know all the information about the breed. In this article, we provide information about Labrador features, Food, care, Grooming, Puppies, History, Health Problems, Behavior with Children and other pets.
Breed Group: Sporting
Lifespan: 10-12 years
Height: Female: 21-23 inches (53-58 cm); Male: 22-24 inches (56-61cm)
Weight: Female: 55-70 pounds (25-32 kg); Male: 60-75 pounds (27-34kg)
Colors: Yellow, Chocolate, Black
Barking: very rare
Exercise needs: Labrador Retrievers are energetic dogs, delighted to work and play hard. They need to be taken on a daily, brisk, long walk, jog or run alongside you when you bicycle. They will be in their glory if you give them a job to do. Gain weight easily, do not overfeed.
Health: The steady temperament of Labradors and their ability to learn to make them an ideal breed for search and rescue, detection, and therapy work. They are a very intelligent breed. They are ranked # 7 in Stanley Coren’s The Intelligence of Dogs. The AKC describes the breed as an ideal family and sporting dog. Their primary working role in the field continues to be that of a hunting retriever.
Training: The Labrador Retriever is known to listen to commands and obey its owner. Expect fewer repetitions when training this breed.
Overview of Labrador Retriever
Labrador dog a friendly and Smart Lab is the number one American breed registered with the American Kennel Club. Even non-pet owners can recognize this breed, and it is favorite for artists and photographers who captured its image countless times – usually as a faithful companion, patiently waiting by the side of its owner. Built for sport, the Lab is athletic and muscular. He has some important qualities like keen intelligence, easy-care coat, temperament and friendly behavior. Devotion to this race is profound; Labs are loving dogs, oriented to people who live to serve their owners sometimes equate their Labs with angels. The breed is native to the island of Newfoundland, off the Atlantic coast of northeastern Canada.
Originally called the St. John’s Dog, after the capital of Newfoundland, he was raised to help local fishermen – catching fish, fetching ropes and hauling nets that had escaped the nets – and being a family dog . Today, most labs skip the hard work and spend their days being pampered and loved by their people. However, some Labs are still indispensable working dogs. The gentle nature of the Lab makes him an excellent therapy dog, visiting elderly people and hospitals, and lab became an ideal service dog for people with disabilities due to its intelligence. He also excels as a search and rescue dog or a hunter for hunters, thanks to his brave nature, muscular nose and athletic build. And Labs have also become the race to beat in canine sports such as agility and obedience competitions – especially obedience. There is a dog job that labs are desperate to: watchdog. In fact, the owners say that their lab, gentle and helpful, is likely to greet an intruder and happily show him where the goods are hidden. Labrador Retrievers have proven their utility and versatility throughout the history of the breed, easily switching from the Fisherman’s Companion, to field research, to the dog show, to the modern working dog. A role has remained constant: wonderful companion and friend.
• Labrador Retrievers like to eat and become obese very quickly if they are overfed. Limit treats, give your lab plenty of exercises and measure the usual meals rather than leaving the food all the time, Better to maintain labrador food chart. And be warned that Lab’s great appetite extends to people’s food and even to inedible items. Labradors go for garbage and can Chew soft items like children toys.
• Labrador Retrievers can do jobs that are physically demanding, because of there high energy as equal as a working breed. They need exercise every day for about 30 to 60 minutes. Without this, they can evacuate their accumulated energy destructively, such as barking and chewing.
• Labradors have such a good reputation that many people think they do not need to train. But Labs are big energetic animals and, like all dogs, they have to learn good dog manners. Sign up for puppy and obedience classes as soon as you bring your lab home.
• Many people think of Labs as an overactive race. Laboratory puppies are certainly very active, but most will slow down a bit as they grow up. However, this is an active breed.
• Labrador Retrievers are not known to be escape artists, but with the right motivation – like a whiff of something delicious – a lab will take off. Make sure your lab has identification tags and a microchip.
• The Lab is the number one dog in America, which means that there are many people who breed in Labs and are more interested in meeting the demand of puppy labs than raising healthy dogs with a good temperament. . To get a healthy dog, never buy a puppy from an irresponsible breeder, a puppy mill or pet store. Look for a reputable breeder who tests his breeding dogs to make sure that they are free of genetic diseases they could pass on to puppies, and that they have strong temperaments.
• If you are looking for a puppy, you will find that the labs vary depending on the breeder you choose. You will also find breeders who aim for both appearance and utility. Labs bred for exhibition tend to be slightly heavier and stronger than those intended for canine careers.
• The Lab has the reputation of being one of the friendly breeds. He is desire to please, and friendly with both people and other animals. In addition to a winning personality, his intelligence and the eager to please, which makes him easy to train. Training is definitely needed because this breed has a lot of energy and exuberance. Lab’s working heritage means it’s active. This breed needs physical and mental activity to make it happy. There is some variation in the level of laboratory activity: some are unruly, others are more casual. All prosper on the activity.
What are common health problems for labs?
Labrador Retrievers are generally healthy, but like all breeds, they are subject to certain health conditions.
Hip dysplasia: Hip dysplasia is an inherited disorder in which the thighbone of the lab does not fit snugly in the hip joint. Some dogs have pain and lameness on one or both legs backside, but you may not notice any signs of discomfort in a dog with hip dysplasia. Dogs with hip dysplasia should not be raised. If you are buying a puppy, ask the breeder to prove that the parents have had a hip dysplasia test and that they have no problem.
Elbow Dysplasia: This is a hereditary condition common to large breed dogs. It is thought to be caused by different growth rates of the three bones of dog elbow. This can lead to painful lameness. Your veterinarian probably will give medication to control the pain or may recommend surgery to correct the problem.
Osteochondrosis Dissecans (OCD): This Disease is caused by improper growth of cartilage in the joints, usually occurs in the elbows, sometimes improper growth is also seen in the shoulders. A painful stiffening in the joints can be observed, sometimes in serious incidents it can go to the point where the dog is unable to bend his elbow. It can be detected in dogs as young as four to nine months old. Overeating puppies “growth formula” or protein-rich foods can contribute to its development.
Cataracts: Similar to humans, canine cataracts are occurs by cloudy spots on the lens that can develop over time. They can develop at any age, and often does not leed to loss of vision, Though severe vision loss may happen in some cases. Cataracts can usually be removed surgically with good results.
Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA): It is a family of eye diseases that cause gradual deterioration of the retina. At the beginning of the disease, the dogs become blind. As the disease progresses, they also lose their day vision. Many dogs adapt very well to a limited or complete vision loss, as long as their environment remains the same.
Epilepsy: Labrador are prone to epilepsy, which causes mild or severe seizures. Seizures can manifest as unusual behavior, such as running frantically as if pursued, staggered, or hiding. Seizures are scary to watch for, but the long-term prognosis for dogs with idiopathic epilepsy is usually very good. It is important to remember that seizures can be caused by many things other than idiopathic epilepsy, such as metabolic disorders, exposure to poisons, infectious diseases affecting the brain, tumors, serious injuries in head and more. Therefore, if your laboratory has convulsions, it is important to take it to the vet immediately for an examination.
Tricuspid Valve Dysplasia: This is a congenital heart disease whose prevalence is increasing in the Labrador race. Puppies are born with TVD, which is a improper functioning of the tricuspid valve on the right side of the heart. It can be light or severe. some dogs live without symptoms, others die. TVD is detected by ultrasound. Research is underway to learn how it can be cured or eradicated.
Myopathy: Myopathy affects the muscles and the nervous system. The first signs are seen early, from the age of six weeks and often at the age of seven months. A puppy with myopathy is tired, stiff when he walks and trots. It can collapse after exercise. Over time, the muscles atrophy and the dog can barely stand or walk. There is no treatment, but resting and keeping the dog warm seems to reduce the symptoms. Dogs with myopathy should not be raised because they are considered a hereditary disease.
Gastric Dilato- Volvulus: commonly known as bloating, this is a life-threatening condition that affects large, deep-breasted dogs like Labs, especially if they eat a big meal a day, eat quickly, or drink large amounts of water or exercise vigorously after eating. when the stomach is distended with gas or air and then twists, then the bloat may occur. The dog is unable to vomit or vomit to get rid of the excess air in his stomach, and the blood flow to the heart is hampered. The blood pressure goes down and the dog fall faint. Proper medical attention should be provided immediately to save the dog. Suspicion of bloating if your dog has a distended abdomen, drools excessively, and vomits without vomiting. It can also be restless, depressed, lethargic and weak with a fast heart rate. If you notice these symptoms, get your dog to the vet as soon as possible.
Acute wet dermatitis: This is a skin disease in which the skin will be inflamed and turns into red colour. It is caused by a bacterial infection. The most common name for this health concern is the hot spots. Treatment includes clipping antibiotics, hair and medicated shampoo.
Cold tail: The cold tail is common disease in Labrador and it is painful. Also it will limp the dog’s tail. The dog can bite at the tail. This is not a reason to worry, and usually lasts for few days and goes away on its own. It is understood to be a problem with the muscles between the vertebrae in the tail.
Ear Infections: The laboratory’s love of water, coupled with its falling ear, makes it vulnerable to ear infections. Regular check ups and cleaning is necessary will help prevent infection. If you buy a puppy, find a good breeder who will show you the health permits for both parents of your puppy. Labrador retriever breeders prove that a dog has been tested and released from a particular condition. In laboratories, you should expect to see the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA) Health Authorizations for Hip Dysplasia (with equal or higher score), Elbow Dysplasia, Hypothyroidism and Disease.
The adorable lab has to be around her family, and is definitely not a backyard dog. If he is left alone for too long, he will probably tarnish his reputation for loveliness: a lonely and bored laboratory is able to dig, chew or find other destructive outlets for his energy. Laboratories show variations in their activity levels, but all need physical and mental activity. Daily 30-minute walks, a romp at the dog park or a game of fetch are some ways to help your lab burn energy. However, a puppy should not be taken for long walks and should play for a few minutes. Labrador Retrievers will run out easitly, It’s up to you to complete the game and practice sessions. Labradors have such a good reputation that some homeowners think they do not need training. It’s a big mistake. Without training, an exuberant Labrador puppy will soon become a very big naughty dog. Fortunately, the labs do well in training – in fact, they often excel in obedience competitions.
Start with the puppy kindergarten, which not only teaches your puppy good dog manners, but helps him learn to be comfortable with other dogs and people. Look for a class that uses positive coaching methods that reward the dog for being right, rather than punishing him for being wrong. You will need to be especially careful if you are raising a Lab puppy. Do not let your Lab run and play on very hard surfaces such as the roadway until it is at least two years old and its joints are completely formed. Normal play on the grass is good, as is pup agility, with its one-inch jumps. Like all retrievers, Lab is mouthy, and he is happiest when he has something, anything, in his mouth. It is also a bitter, so be sure to keep solid toys available all the time – unless you want your sofa to chew. And when you leave the house, it’s wise to keep your lab in a crate or kennel so that it can not have trouble chewing things it should not.
Recommended daily amount: 2.5 to 3 cups of high quality dry food a day, divided into two meals. Note: The amount of food consumed by your adult dog depends on its level of activity, age, metabolism, constitution and size. Dogs are individuals, just like people, and they do not all need the same amount of food. It goes without saying that a very active dog will need more than one couch potato dog. The quality of the dog food that you buy also makes the difference – the better the dog food, the more it will feed your dog and the less you need to shake it in your dog’s bowl. Try to maintain a perfect weight to your lab by measuring food and feeding twice a day rather than leaving food all the time. If you are not sure if he is overweight, give him the eye test and the practical test.
First, look at it. You should be able to see a size. Then place your hands on his back, thumbs along the spine, with fingers spread down. You should be able to feel but not see his ribs without pressing hard. If you do not, he needs less food and more exercise. You will need to be especially careful if you are raising a Lab puppy. These dogs develop very rapidly between the ages of four and seven months, Which will make you to feel that your lab has some bone disorders. Feed your puppy on a high-quality, low-calorie diet that keeps it from growing too fast. To learn more about how to feed your lab, read labrador food guide for buying the best dog food, feeding your puppy, and feeding your adult dog
Color coat and Grooming
The smooth, easy to maintain laboratory coat has two layers: a straight topcoat, soft, short, and a thick, weather-resistant underlay. The two-layer coat protects it from cold and moisture, which helps it in its role as a recuperate for hunters. The coat is available in three colors: yellow, chocolate and black. Black was the favorite color of early breeders, but in recent times, chocolate and yellow labs have become popular. Some breeders have recently started selling “rare” Labrador Retrievers, such as polar white or fox red. These nuances are not really rare – they are a variation of the yellow Lab. Grooming is not much easier than with a Lab, but the breed loses a lot.
Buy a quality vacuum and brush your dog every day, especially when he is losing, to pull out loose hair. Labradors need a bath about every two months to keep their appearance clean and smelling good. Of course, if your lab is rolling in a mud puddle or something bad, which it is likely to do, it is good to bathe it more often. Brush your lab teeth at least two or three times a week to remove tartar buildup and bacteria inside. Daily brushing is even better if you want to avoid gum disease and bad breath. Nails are cut once or twice a month if your dog does not wear them naturally. If you can hear them click on the floor, they are too long. Short, well-cut nails keep your feet in good condition and prevent your legs from scratching when your lab gets up excitedly to greet you. Her ears should be checked weekly for redness or bad odor, which may indicate an infection. When checking your dog’s ears, wipe them with a cotton ball soaked in a mild, pH-balanced ear cleaner to reduce infections.
Just clean the outer ear, but do not try to insert anything into the ear canal. Because ear infections are common in laboratories, also clean the ears after bathing, swimming or whenever your dog gets wet. This helps prevent infection. Start getting your lab used to being brushed and examined when it’s a puppy. Handle his paws frequently – dogs are sensitive to their feet – and look in his mouth. Make grooming a positive experience filled with praise and rewards, and set the stage for easy veterinary exams and other manipulations as an adult. While grooming, check for rashes, wounds, or inflammation of the feet, nose, eyes,mouth and skin or signs of infection such as sensitivity, redness. The eyes must be clear, without redness or discharge. Your careful weekly exam will help you to quickly identify potential health problems.
Labrador Retriever Puppies
There are three major labrador retriever puppies available in the market like yellow lab puppies, black lab puppies, choclate lab puppies, eyc.,
Yellow lab puppies
The yellow lab is perhaps best known for its role as a guide dog for the blind. Perhaps more than any other cloured labs, the yellow lab has become associated with families.
Labrador Retrievers as a breed have a life expectancy of about 10 to 12 years. So it’s a little sad to think that when they reach the age of 7, they are already considered to be entering the winter of their life
Males measure 22.5 to 24.5 inches and weigh between 65 and 80 pounds. Females measure 21.5 to 23.5 inches and weigh between 55 and 70 pounds.
Black laboratory puppies
We all know that black laboratories are recognized as courageous and competent service dogs. The black labrador has long been the darling of the hunting and shooting community. Because Black Labradors often come from work lines, you need to consider which type of Labrador is best suited to your family before buying a Black Labrador puppy.
Choclate laboratory puppies
The Labrador breed was developed primarily by a couple of English aristocrats in the 1800s, from dog breeds they had imported from North America. It was not until the 1960s that Brown Labs began to really grow in popularity. The demand for these labs came from ordinary owners and they much preferred the word “chocolate” to describe their new companions.
Children and other pets
The Labrador Retriever does not just love children, he appreciates the hustle and bustle they bring with them. He will be happy to attend a child’s birthday party, and even voluntarily wear a party hat. Like all dogs, however, it must be trained in how to act around children – and children must learn to act around the dog. As with all breeds, you should always teach children how to approach and touch dogs and monitor the interactions between dogs and young children to avoid bites, ears or tail pulling on both sides. . Teach your child to never approach a dog while eating or sleeping, or to try to keep food away from the dog. No dog, however friendly, should ever be left unattended with a child. If a lab has had a lot of exposure to small animals, other dogs and cats, and has been trained to interact with them, it will also be friendly with other pets.
Labrador are often acquired without a clear understanding of what is going on in one’s possession. Many labrador need to be adopted and / or encouraged in labrador rescue groups. If you can not find a rescue listed for your area, contact the national breed club or local breed club and they can direct you to a labrador rescue.
History of Labrador Retriever
The ancestor of the Labrador Retriever was the St. John’s Retriever, a smaller version of Newfoundland. Probably fisherman brought these dogs to England dogs. The Canadian ports were crossed by the gamekeepers with various breeds of hunting dogs, always striving to improve the hunting and recovery instincts of the breed. By the mid-19th century, the characteristic water-resistant coat and otter tail of Labrador were already apparent. By the late 1880s, the breed was distinctive enough that “Labrador Retriever” became the generally accepted name of the breed. Originally this breed was black in color, the first recorded yellow Labrador appeared in a litter born in 1899. The chocolates were also recorded at about the same time, but never reached the same level of popularity as blacks and the yellows. Initially raised to recover water, the modern Labrador Retriever has proven to be one of the most versatile breeds, excelling in field trials and hunting tests, in agility events and obedience, and also as service dogs.